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CULTIVATION and PLANTING Ganoderma Lucidum

The Current Situation of Research and Planting of Ganoderma in China

The planting of Ganoderma started as far as the period of Seng Nong. Presently, a total output of Ganoderma harvest reaches up to about 3,000 tons. They are mainly planted in about 10 regions ; such as the outskirt of Beijing, Changechun of Jilut Province, Chengdu of Sichuang Province, Longqiuan of Zhejin Province; and in Auhui, Pujitan Province.

Ganoderma can be planted in cut trees and vinyl bag. The method of vinyl bags is prefered in those regions producing in a large volume as over 1,000 tons annually; Cut trees method can be found in Longqiuan, Changchun and Chengdu, the two cities have set up some cooperative programs with Japan in the field of planing Ganoderma.

Being exported to other countries, Chinese Ganoderma is largely consumed at home. Officially, the effect has been acknowledged. Being treated as health maintaining food, Ganoderma can be taken in forms as original, capsule, powder, or with tea or alcohol..

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Artificial cultivation of "REISHI"...
To harvest the high-quality Ganoderma lucidum

In Japan, Ganoderma lucidum are grown by the following methods.
1) Wood log cultivation: Most popular cultivation using wood logs.
2) Pot (bottle) cultivation : Cultivation using pots (bottles).
3) Tank Cultivation: Cultivation using large tank...

All life has only one time when its life force ( Sei, Ki, Shin, i.e., energy, air and spirit ) becomes highest in its lifetime. And this time coincided with when its propagative power becomes full. When we cultivate Ganoderma lucidum, it is also important to select this high time. The point that we can select the highest harvest time is one of the advantage of artificial cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum ...

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Ganoderma's Current Status in the World and its Plantings

Originally, Ganoderma is a herbal medicine applied in China. Lately it has been accepted as one of the health-maintaining foods worldwide, especially in countries of the Pacific regions, like Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, and USA. More and more individuals become realized with its effects of strengthening constitution and maintaining health ...

Presently, Ganoderma is being planted artificially in over ten countries. China occupies the largest portion with an annual output of 4,300 tons

During the past ten years, along with the showing up of the related planting technology, a total yield of Ganoderma in the world increases rapidly. With an output of 4,300 tons, China grows the most, the others are Korea, Taiwan, Japan, the USA, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

Thirteen years ago, Japan was the country producing Ganoderma with the highest output (250 tons), but it has changed now ...

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Cultivation, Utilization, and Medicinal Effects of Ganoderma Lucidum in Malaysia

In Malaysia, Ganoderma lucidum was initially cultivated in the 1980's. More recently, hybrid cultures of G. lucidum were used for mass production which only required 40 to 45 days of incubation. The basidiocarps are sliced and brewed as a tonic or as Ganoderma tea. They may also be powdered or extracted with solvent to yield the finished product which is then made into capsules. Ganoderma nutriceuticals are used as a remedy to treat more than 20 different illnesses which include migraine and headache, hypertension, arthritis, bronchitis, asthma, anorexia, gastritis, haemorrhoids, hypercholesterolaemia, nephritis, dysmenorrhoea, constipation, lupus erythematosis, hepatitis, leukopenia, cardiovascular problems and cancer including leukaemia ...

Cultivation of G. lucidum in Malaysia was initially attempted by Teow in 19841) using sawdust in polypropylene or polyethylene bags in sheds under palm oil trees. Subsequently, better hybrids were obtained through cross breeding which only required 40 to 45 days of incubation2) for its cultivation. The annual production of the basidio-carps of G. lucidum in Malaysia is estimated to be around 300 tons but the production of mycelium is negligible ...

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How Ganoderma Cultivation affects its health efficacy?

In ancient times, you can only find Ganoderma in deep forest and mountain cliffs. Scientific Ganoderma cultivation was not well known by then. As a very rare herb, it was very precious.

In 1970, a technician of Kyoto University Foodstuff Scientific Research Institute, Mr. Yukio Naoi, used "Spore Separation Ganoderma Cultivation Method" to successfully cultivate this fungus.

This cultivation method was introduced to China in 1975.

Since the climate and soil conditions are ideal, this technique has been widely adopted. With this, more people around the world could benefit from this ancient herb.

Natural ganoderma growth
Capsulated cultivation (Vacuum packing)
Log wood cultivation

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Sabah's Success Story In Mushroom Farming

Jamilah said initially KPD sought technical expertise on shiitake farming from experts in Taiwan.
"But later I attended further courses on mushroom farming in Japan and China, and gradually improved the planting techniques here," she said.
The centre's activities has since expanded into producing four species of mushroom seeds and seedlings - shiitake, ganoderma or ling tze, oyster and the jelly ear mushroom.
On top of that the centre also produces fresh shiitake, oyster, jelly ear mushroom and the dried ling tze as well as the ling tze coffee and tea ...

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Short description about Petra Maszlavér's PhD Dissertation

(draft in English)

She carried out her experiments in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 in the spawn-run room and cellar of the Mushroom Division of Vegetable Crops Research Institute Co. Ltd in Kecskemét. In the first year of their research work they carried out pre-experiments under in vitro conditions in laboratory at the Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry and at the Department of Vegetable and Mushroom Growing, Faculty of Horticulture, Corvinus University of Budapest.

In the investigations she tried to find a substrate mix permitting the elaboration of a large scale intensive production technology for the Reishi mushroom and set herself the objective to select the strain suitable for cultivation and ensuring reliable cultivation technology. With the help of the suitable substrate and the strain ensuring reliable yields she has managed to work out a cultivation technology description in the case of the environmental parameters playing a key role in cultivation. Based on the few national and much more numerous international research results, as well as on her own research results it can be concluded that the specific values relative to the environmental parameters pertain to the GA 02 strain showing the best performance of the strains tested. These values are valid under the national conditions. In the light of the test results, when using intensive cultivation technology clearly the GA 02 is recommended for cultivation on substrate mixes containing beech sawdust. Favourable results can be achieved on smaller farms and on family farms using the GA 01 strain for cultivation also on substrate mixes containing beech sawdust. The strain designated as GLL producing very nice and decorative fruiting bodies (‘antlers’) is the most suitable for the commercial production of Reishi mushroom as an ornamental plant. The GA 06 is not recommended for cultivation as this strain is characterized by fluctuating yields and its cultivation is unreliable.

Considering the chemical composition (macro and micro element content) of Reishi, the Ca content of the fruiting body is notably high. Based on her tests, this value can be even as much as 3- 4 times greater than that of the mushrooms grown on commercial scale at present. The dry matter content of the mushroom is also considerable. The fruiting body of the mushroom is tough, unfit for consumption. The dry matter content of the fruiting body is almost 80%. This value is far greater compared to the white button mushroom or to the oyster mushroom. Reishi, besides its remarkable healing effect, is very valuable for its high dry matter content. Even at the present moment, as the mushroom is unfit for fresh consumption, a number of companies produce capsules and teas using the mushroom powder and sell the latter as food additive health product.



Vetter, J., Hajdú, Cs., Győrfi, J., Maszlavér, P., (2005): Mineral Composition of the Cultivated Mushrooms Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes. Acta Alimentaria. 34 (4) 441-451. Akadémia Kiadó, Budapest

Maszlavér, P., Győrfi, J. (2003):
Production trial of Pleurotus sajor-caju (saca) oyster mushroom. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 9 (1) 81-83. p.

Maszlavér, P., Dr. Kovácsné, Ferenc, K., Fehervári-Póczik, E., (2005):
Possibility of modernization of Ganoderma lucidum strains substrate, International Journal of Horticultural Science, 11 (2) 55-59. p.

Balázs, S., Maszlavér, P., Ferenc, K., (2006):
Mushroom production and research, Hungarian Agricultural Research, 15 (1) 4-8. p.

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